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Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): What You Need to Know

Coronary artery disease is one the most critical diseases with one of the highest fatality rates worldwide. In this condition, the heart does not get adequate blood supply and oxygen. It can lead to shortness of breath and chest pain and eventually cause a life-threatening heart attack.

The main cause of coronary artery disease is the deposition of cholesterol in the arteries. When this happens, the heart gets reduced blood flow. Furthermore, in the long run, such a condition can develop into a complete blockage of arteries causing a heart attack. Before things get worse, it is advisable to see a doctor at the best heart hospital in Delhi.

Coronary artery disease – Symptoms you should not ignore

Most of the time, there are no overt signs of CAD. However, during strenuous exercise, one can monitor and know if the heartbeat settles down at rest. Moreover, if things are not controlled with time, the arteries will tend to narrow down, thereby reducing blood flow. In such a situation, the symptoms are more clearly manifested.  

  • Pain, discomfort, and chest pain (angina pain)

If you are experiencing mild chest pain along with tightness, it is a symptom of CAD. Such symptoms can be seen during stress, high levels of exertion, etc. Chest pain due to CAD is also known as angina pain, and should not be ignored. Such pain can be also felt in the back, arm, as well as neck areas.

  • Feeling tired

Another symptom of coronary artery disease is when you feel fatigued even while at rest. Such a situation arises when the heart is unable to pump enough blood as per your body’s requirements.

  • Shortness of breath

The onset of coronary artery disease causes shortness of breath. Such a symptom arises even if you are not exercising, or doing routine tasks. One should never avoid this symptom and see a doctor.

  • Heart attack

Heart attacks happen when the coronary arteries are blocked due to high deposits of cholesterol. However, the symptoms can make you feel pressure on your chest, left arm and shoulder pain, unusual sweating, pain in the jaw area and neck, fatigue, and more. Some heart attacks are silent; they don’t show any symptoms.

Coronary artery disease – Causes & Risk factors

The most common cause of CAD is when the arteries start developing fats on the inner walls of the heart. Commonly known as plaque, it can narrow down the arteries thereby reducing blood flow and oxygen to the heart. In some situations, arteries can also get blood clots which are dangerous.  

  • Age  is a factor that poses a risk to the heart and arteries
  • Family history of heart disease can make you prone to coronary heart disease with aging
  • Smoking is the most prominent risk factor.  
  • Uncontrolled or high blood pressure makes the arteries work more than their recommended levels, thereby increasing the chances of a heart attack.
  • People who are obese, overweight, or have unhealthy eating habits tend to develop coronary artery disease. It leads to high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) and reduction of good cholesterol (HDL).
  • Not getting the required or adequate sleep is another risk factor for CAD.

Coronary artery disease – Prevention is better than cure

By following healthy habits and making lifestyle changes, one can reduce the risks of a heart attack. Furthermore, one is advised to follow these steps:

  • Ensure you don’t lead a sedentary lifestyle, and keep yourself physically active.
  • Healthier eating by controlling fats intake, less sugar, and controlled salt intake is recommended.
  • Make sure you quit smoking and alcohol to keep your heart healthy.

Ending thoughts

Prevention of coronary artery disease is possible by following the guidance of heart specialists at leading hospitals like BLK-Max heart center. Such hospitals offer the best diagnostics and dedicated services to heart patients. So, if you experience any heart-related issues, consult a superspecialist immediately. Wishing you happy heart health!

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