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Why CMOS Image Sensor Test is Beneficial for Machine Vision Cameras

Manufacturers are increasingly investigating CMOS sensors for applications that traditionally required the capabilities of the more expensive CCD sensors solely. CMOS sensors are fast becoming the sensor of choice for makers of machine vision cameras due to their low cost and expanding capabilities. Continue reading to learn the significance of the CMOS image sensor test.

What is the Distinction Between CCD and CMOS?

A CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor)sensor is a digital gadget. A CMOS sensor converts the charge produced by a photosensitive pixel into a voltage at the pixel spot. The signal is then multiplexed by row and column to a number of on-chip digital-to-analog converters. Significant-speed CMOS sensors have low sensitivity and high fixed-pattern noise.

CCD sensors are charged-coupled devices. Similarly to a CMOS sensor, it transforms light into electrons. It is an analog device, unlike CMOS sensors. It’s a silicon chip with an array of photosensitive spots. The output of an analog device is quickly transformed into a digital signal using an analog-to-digital converter. To recreate an image, voltage is measured at each spot.

The CCD sensor was the dominant technology for obtaining high-quality, low-noise images for a considerable amount of time. However, because CCD sensors are costly to produce, they are typically more expensive. In addition, they consume more energy than CMOS sensors, often a hundred times more. Fortunately, CMOS sensor technology has improved to the point that it is rapidly approaching the quality and capabilities of CCD technology, but at a much lower price, smaller size, and lower power consumption.

Machine Vision Benefits from CMOS Sensors

Due to the increasing capabilities of the CMOS sensor, modern cameras have become more compact. CMOS sensors are replacing CCD in the production of cameras and imaging systems for the majority of industrial, medical, and scientific applications due to their previously unheard-of resolutions, low-light sensitivity, on-pixel advancements, and RGB-NIR color filter array possibilities.

CMOS cameras can offer faster frame rates. This is due to the fact that the reading of the pixels is faster than the charge transfer of a CCD. This functionality is crucial for machine vision systems that frequently rely on real-time image processing for automation or image data analysis.

Machine vision systems are also concerned with how CCD and CMOS sensors react to infrared wavelengths. CMOS sensors are more sensitive to wavelengths of infrared light than CCD sensors. CMOS manufacturers have utilized this advantage to collect IR light and provide extra imaging capabilities for image identification. Additionally, CMOS image sensor tests ensure that the cameras are functioning properly as per standards. 

Examples of CMOS Sensor Developments and Their Future

Canon offers a variety of high-performance CMOS sensors in the newly established industrial market. The 2U250MRXS CMOS sensor from Canon, for instance, has an astounding 250 MP resolution and can capture 125 times more detail than in full HD. This APS-H size sensor utilizes a square pixel layout of 1.5m x 1.5m pixels to achieve ultra-high resolution in a small design suitable for a wide range of applications.

Canon changed one of the green filters on the sensor with a NIR filter, which enables the sensors to “see” beyond the visible spectrum and enables machine vision systems to identify images at a higher level.

CMOS sensors will play a crucial role in the future of machine vision due to developments such as those of Canon. Expanded applications such as driver assistance systems, providing vision to advanced machine learning algorithms and extending the functionality of augmented reality are conceivable as a result of the CMOS sensor’s increasing capabilities, smaller size, and lower prices.


Time to invest in the finest CMOS image sensor test as the future of machine vision cameras is really good. Before you launch the product to the consumers, keep in mind testing is very crucial to perform.

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